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Finding meteorite impacts in Aboriginal oral tradition 

This article originally appeared on The Conversation.


It explodes, showering the ground with small stones and sending a shock wave across the land. The accompanying boom is deafening and leaves people running and screaming.

This was the description of an incident that occurred over the skies of Chelyabinsk, Russia on February 15, 2013, one of the best recorded meteoritic events in history. This airburst was photographed and videoed by many people so we have a good record of what occurred, which helped explain the nature of the event.

But how do we find out about much older events when modern recordings were not available?

A century before Chelyabinsk, a similar event occurred on July 30, 1908, over the remote Siberian forest near Tunguska.

That explosion was even more powerful, flattening 80 million trees over an area of 2,000 square kilometres and sending a shock wave around the Earth – twice. It was 19 years before scientists reached the Tunguska site to study the effects of the blast.

The apparent lack of a meteorite fuelled speculation about how it formed, from sober suggestions of an exploding comet to more outlandish claims of mini-black holes and crashed alien spacecraft (research confirms it was an exploding meteorite).

Meteoric events in Indigenous oral tradition

In 1926, the ethnographer Innokenty Suslov interviewed the local Indigenous Evenk people, who still vividly remembered the Tunguska airburst.

At the time, a great feud persisted among Evenki clans. One clan called upon a shaman named Magankan to destroy their enemy. On the morning of July 30th, 1908, Magankan sent Agdy, the god of thunder, to demonstrate his power.

Many Indigenous cultures attribute meteoritic events to the power of sky beings. The Wardaman people of northern Australia tell of Utdjungon, a being who lives in the Coalsack nebula by the Southern Cross.

He will cast a fiery star to the Earth if laws and traditions are not followed. The falling star will cause the earth to shake and the trees to topple.

Like the Evenki, it seems the Wardaman have faced Utdjungon’s wrath before.

The Luritja people of Central Australia also tell of an object that fell to Earth as punishment for breaking sacred law. And we can still see the scars of this event today.

The Luritja people of Central Australia also tell of an object that fell to Earth as punishment for breaking sacred law. And we can still see the scars of this event today.

A surviving meteorite impact legend

Around 4,700 years ago, a large nickel-iron meteoroid came blazing across the Central Australian sky. It broke apart before striking the ground 145km south of what is now Alice Springs.

The fragments carved out more than a dozen craters up to 180 meters across with the energy of a small nuclear explosion.

Today, we call this place the Henbury Meteorites Conservation Reserve.

Aboriginal people have inhabited the region for tens-of-thousands of years, and it’s almost certain they witnessed this dramatic event. But did an oral record of this event survive to modern times?

When scientists first visited Henbury in 1931, they brought with them an Aboriginal guide. When they ventured near the site, the guide would go no further.

He said his people were forbidden from going near the craters, as that was where the fire-devil ran down from the sun and set the land ablaze, killing people and forming the giant holes.

They were also forbidden from collecting water that pooled in the craters, as they feared the fire-devil would fill them with a piece of iron.

The following year, a local resident asked Luritja elders about the craters. The elders provided the same answer and said the fire-devil “will burn and eat” anyone who breaks sacred law, as he had done long ago.

The longevity and benefits of oral tradition

The story of Henbury indicates a living memory of an event that occurred a few thousands of years ago. Might then we find accounts of events from tens of thousands of years ago? Yes, it seems so.

Recent studies show that Aboriginal traditions accurately record sea level changes over the past 10,000 years.

Recent studies show that Aboriginal traditions accurately record sea level changes over the past 10,000 years.

Other studies suggest the volcanic eruptions that formed the Eacham, Euramo and Barrine crater lakes in northern Queensland more than 10,000 years ago are recorded in oral tradition.

In addition to demonstrating the longevity of Indigenous oral traditions, emerging research shows that these stories can lead to new scientific discoveries. Aboriginal stories about objects falling from the sky have led scientists to meteorite finds they would not have known about otherwise.

In New Zealand, geologists are also using Maori oral traditions to study earthquakes and tsunamis. New Zealand has a much more recent human history – compared to Australia – with the first Maori ancestors thought to have arrived around the 13th Century.

The arrival of the first Australians goes back at least 50,000 years. There is still much to learn, as Australia’s ancient landscape has been exposed to meteorite strikes that we don’t know about, some of which have probably occurred since humans arrived.

But given that Australia is home to the oldest continuing cultures on Earth, we are only just scratching the surface of the vast scientific knowledge contained in Indigenous oral traditions.

But given that Australia is home to the oldest continuing cultures on Earth, we are only just scratching the surface of the vast scientific knowledge contained in Indigenous oral traditions.

We anticipate that our work with Aboriginal elders to learn about Indigenous astronomy will lead to new knowledge and cultural insights about natural events and meteorite impacts in Australia.

Duane Hamacher receives funding from the Australian Research Council.

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Posted on 13/10/2019 / Posted by admin

The southern lights in Indigenous oral traditions 

This article originally appeared on The Conversation.


A recent surge in solar activity caused spectacular auroral displays across the world. While common over the polar regions, aurorae are rare over Australia and are typically restricted to far southern regions, such as Tasmania and Victoria.

But recently, aurorae have been visible over the whole southern half of Australia, seen as far north as Uluru and Brisbane. 

Different cultures

It’s a phenomenon that has existed since the Earth’s formation and has been witnessed by cultures around the world. These cultures developed their own explanation for the lights in the sky – many of which are strikingly similar.

From a scientific point of view, aurora form when charged particles of solar wind are channelled to the polar regions by Earth’s magnetic field. These particles ionize oxygen and nitrogen molecules in the upper atmosphere, creating light.

Auroral displays can show various colours, from white, to yellow, red, green, and blue. They can appear as a nebulous glowing arcs or curtains waving across the sky.

Aurorae are also reported to make strange sounds on rare occasions. Witnesses describe it as a crackling sound, like rustling grass or radio static.

In the Arctic, the Inuit say the noise is made by spirits playing a game or trying to communicate with the living.

In 1851, Aboriginal people near Hobart said an aurora made noise like “people snapping their fingers”. The cause of this noise is unknown.

Aurorae are significant in Australian Indigenous astronomical traditions. Aboriginal people associate aurorae with fire, death, blood, and omens, sharing many similarities with Native American communities. They are quite different from Inuit traditions of the Aurora Borealis, which are more festive.

Fire in the sky

Aboriginal people commonly saw aurorae as fires in the cosmos. To the Gunditjmara of western Victoria, they’re Puae buae (“ashes”). To the Gunai of eastern Victoria, they’re bushfires in the spirit world and an omen of a coming catastrophe.

The Dieri and Ngarrindjeri of South Australia see aurora as fires created by sky spirits.

As far north as southwestern Queensland, Aboriginal people saw the phenomenon as “feast fires” of the Oola Pikka —- ghostly beings who spoke to Elders through the aurora.

The Maori of Aotearoa/New Zealand saw aurorae (Tahunui-a-rangi) as the campfires of ancestors reflected in the sky. These ancestors sailed southward in their canoes and settled on a land of ice in the far south.

The southern lights let people know they will one day return. This is similar to an Algonquin story from North America.

A warning to follow sacred law

Mungan Ngour, a powerful sky ancestor in Gunai traditions, set rules for male initiation and put his son, Tundun, in charge of the ceremonies. When people leaked secret information about these ceremonies, Mungan cast down a great fire to destroy the Earth. The people saw this as an aurora.

Near Uluru, a group of hunters broke Pitjantjatjara law by killing and cooking a sacred emu. They saw smoke rise to the south, towards the land of Tjura. This was the aurora, viewed as poisonous flames that signalled coming punishment.

The Dieri also believe an aurora is a warning that someone is being punished for breaking traditional laws, which causes great fear. The breaking of traditional laws would result in an armed party coming to kill the lawbreakers when they least expect it.

In this context, fear of an aurora was utilised to control behaviour and social standards.

Blood in the cosmos

The red hue of some aurorae is commonly associated with blood and death.

To Aboriginal communities across New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia, auroral displays represented blood that was shed by warriors fighting a great battle in the sky, or by spirits of the dead rising to the heavens.

Celestial events that appear red are often linked to blood, including meteors and eclipses.

A total lunar eclipse turns the moon red (sometimes called a blood-moon), which was seen by some communities as the spirit of a dead man rising from his grave.

Rare astronomical events were viewed as bad omens by cultures around the world. Now imagine if two of these events overlap!

In 1859, Aboriginal people in South Australia witnessed an auroral display and a total lunar eclipse. This caused great fear an anxiety, signalling the arrival of dangerous spirit beings.

There could be a repeat of this astronomical double-act as a lunar eclipse will be visible across Australia on Saturday April 4, 2015.

Will the aurorae continue? Keep watch.

See also: Be prepared for the shortest total lunar eclipse of the century

Duane Hamacher receives funding from the Australian Research Council.

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Dockers expect Cats to fire up in AFL 

Geelong’s shellacking at the hands of Hawthorn last week isn’t a sign that the team’s demise is near, according to Fremantle coach Ross Lyon.


The Cats’ premiership hopes were given an early shake after they copped a 62-point loss to Hawthorn on Monday.

Geelong haven’t missed the finals since 2006, winning three flags since that time.

But with a host of their stars now retired, and several veterans nearing the end, pundits have predicted a slide down the table for the Cats this year.

Fremantle face Geelong at Simonds Stadium on Sunday, and Lyon is expecting the Cats of old to front up.

“I know they didn’t have a result they would have liked last week, and they copped a fair bit of flak,” Lyon said.

“But I think (that performance) was uncharacteristic. Hawthorn can do that to you.

“We had a game last year – round three against Hawthorn – that we lost by 100 points (actually 58 points), and then we went on to make top four and win lots of games.

“Geelong will respond in kind. They’ve got strong leadership right through the club, and in particular their coach and captain. So we expect a fierce response.”

Fremantle displayed impressive fight in last week’s win over Port Adelaide.

But Lyon knows there’s plenty of improvement to come – especially in regards to their skills and decision making.

Geelong dropped a selection shock this week when they axed Steven Motlop after discovering the star midfielder had consumed alcohol three days before the match against Hawthorn.

Lyon said he understood Geelong’s decision.

“They’re keeping their standards, so that sees him go out,” Lyon said.

“It just highlights we’re humans, we’re fallible.

“He’s a really good person.”

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Force want 10th birthday Super Rugby win 

The Western Force are turning 10, and there’s only one thing they want for their birthday – a shiny new win.


The Force are using Saturday night’s clash with the Cheetahs in Perth to celebrate their 10th year in the Super Rugby competition.

So far, the party has been rather muted, with a six-match losing run cruelling the Force’s finals hopes.

But Force coach Michael Foley hopes the second half of the season will be filled with more memorable moments and a lot more wins.

“All the efforts that have gone before us are the things we want to acknowledge in our performance,” Foley said of the Force’s 10th-year celebrations.

“We’re a young club, and we’re fighting for a position to become one of the leading clubs.

“Getting the result and turning that corner (is what we’re after).

“That’s the thing for us at the moment – to get that little bit more urgent around the breakdown, more physical around defence and to finish those opportunities that we are creating.

“There’s plenty of line breaks and chances there for us. If we finish those off, we’ll get the result and push on.”

The Force managed just one win from 13 games during their inaugural season in 2006.

The sole victory came against the Cheetahs in South Africa, with the Force eking out a 16-14 triumph after drawing against the Crusaders and Lions in the previous two games.

Force skipper Matt Hodgson featured in the famous first win against the Cheetahs.

But the inspirational 33-year-old won’t be on the field this week as he continues to recover from a torn hamstring.

Foley said Hodgson would also miss next week’s home clash with the Stormers before returning on April 24 against the Chiefs in New Zealand.

The Force were unlucky not to come away with a win on their recent tour of South Africa, where they dominated possession against the Bulls and Sharks but couldn’t land the killer blow.

Mistakes and missed opportunities in both games proved costly.

Five-eighth Sias Ebersohn produced arguably the biggest blooper when he sprayed his straight-forward penalty against the Sharks at a crucial point in the second half, while Kyle Godwin dropped the ball in the final minute with the tryline in sight.

Ebersohn’s miss in particular changed the course of the match, with the Sharks scoring a try soon after to set up the 15-9 win.

Foley has stuck with Ebersohn at No.10 this week, and he hopes the 26-year-old will be able to repay the faith.

“Anyone who plays at that level has that moment where there’s a ball to catch or kick and you miss it in a way that no one would expect,” Foley said.

“Sias’ sense of disappointment after the game was huge.

“We just took some time to say ‘it’s just an anomaly’. He wouldn’t normally do that.”

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Hird: what is ‘normal’ after AFL saga? 

Essendon coach James Hird has spoken of the universal relief at the club in the wake of the AFL anti-doping tribunal’s not guilty verdicts.


And he predicts their interrupted pre-season will eventually work to the Bombers’ advantage.

On March 31, the tribunal found 34 current and past Essendon players were not guilty of charges relating to the Essendon supplements scandal.

The verdicts were the culmination of a controversial AFL-ASADA investigation that started on February 5, 2013.

“We’re not sure what normal is after two-and-a-half years of what we’ve been through,” Hird told SEN radio.

“But I remember the first session after the investigation started and the way the guys trained, the heads were everywhere.

“They were all over the shop – a crazy sort of training session.

“But Thursday last week, it was a normal session and – for the first time in obviously a long time – people were just concentrating on football.

“You could see the guys – they were maybe a little bit tired … (but) they had freer minds.”

Hird served a 12-month AFL suspension as part of governance penalties handed down in August two years ago.

At the height of the saga, media were regularly camped outside his home.

“Certainly, there’s a smile on my face every morning when I walk out the door and see there are not 15 people out there,” he said.

“I was just thinking it this morning, to be honest … how good it is to walk out in your jocks and pick up the paper and walk back inside.”

Hird said nothing could have prepared him and others at Essendon for the stresses of the saga.

“It certainly challenged friendships, challenged relationships, challenged everyone at all levels,” he said.

He added his relationship with the players was tested, but stayed strong.

“Certainly, it’s been challenged … because of media speculation stories, things that are written,” he said.

“The one thing I’ve been confident with is the players and myself have a good relationship.

“If there wasn’t a good relationship between myself and the Essendon players, I wouldn’t be coach.”

The tribunal hearing meant most of Essendon’s front-line players had no official pre-season games.

It showed in their round-one loss to Sydney, where the ‘Dons coughed up a 41-point lead.

“We were a bit rusty at certain times and, even in the coaches box, we were a bit rusty just trying to prepare the group when things happened,” he said.

“We will be a lot better for the performance against Sydney.

“But I think the preparation, in the long run, will probably be quite beneficial for us.”

Essendon face another stern test on Sunday when they play arch rivals and two-time defending premiers Hawthorn in a MCG blockbuster.

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Port ruckman due a luck change: Hinkley 

Port Adelaide ruckman Jarrad Redden is due a change of luck when he makes his AFL comeback against Sydney on Saturday night, Power coach Ken Hinkley says.


Redden will play his first AFL game since round 10, 2013 after suffering a series of shoulder, hip and knee injuries.

Such was Redden’s rotten run, Hinkley doubted the ruckman would ever return.

“There was points in the last 12 months that I’m sure Jarrad Redden thought his football career was over … I didn’t know if Reddo was going to play footy again,” Hinkley told reporters on Friday.

“I thought there was a significant chance he probably wouldn’t.

“I think right now he is pinching himself a bit and thinking `I have come a long way from a relatively short period of time’.”

When Redden dislocated a shoulder in mid-2013, he was Port’s first-choice ruckman.

In his absence Matthew Lobbe assumed that status – but ironically will miss the Swans game because of a thigh injury which also prevented him playing in Port’s season-opening loss to Fremantle.

But Hinkley is a big admirer of the talents of Redden, who at 205cm is the tallest player on Port’s list.

“He’s in great shape, he just needs a bit of luck,” Hinkley said.

“In all seriousness, Reddo’s ruck work is as good as anyone’s we have at the club, including Lobbe.

“He was first-choice ruck (in 2013) and we were really excited about what his future may have been.”

Redden replaces the omitted John Butcher while Sydney also made one change for the Saturday night fixture, dropping Harry Cunningham in favour of Jarrad McVeigh.

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Posted on 08/09/2019 / Posted by admin

Shorten leadership ballot above board 

An independent review has upheld the election of Bill Shorten as federal Labor leader, despite concerns about flaws in the ballot process.


Mr Shorten defeated Anthony Albanese 52 per cent to 48 per cent in a historic party ballot for the leadership in October 2013, involving the federal caucus and grassroots members.

But in February, party member and Auburn councillor Hicham Zraika was suspended for six months over allegations about changes to the postal addresses of a number of members in his branch.

The NSW party’s review tribunal found 73 out of 124 changes to branch member postal addresses before ballot had occurred in the Auburn electorate.

However, tribunal chairman Greg James QC confirmed on Friday that nothing had emerged from the review to suggest the election of Mr Shorten as leader was flawed.

Mr James also found there was no prospect of a further inquiry producing any such suggestion.

NSW ALP secretary Jamie Clements said the party’s administrative committee had agreed with Mr James’ finding.

But the committee will introduce reforms to the way change of addresses are made in future ballots.

This will mean any change must be based on a request in writing and clear consent from the member whose address is being changed.

Changes will also be routinely reported to the administrative committee.

“These are significant measures which will ensure that future changes to branch member postal addresses will be beyond the manipulation of any individual,” Mr Clements told AAP.

He said the Left faction’s assistant secretary would be granted access to the NSW branch membership system and the party would ask the NSW Electoral Commission for advice on whether it could run future state leader ballots.

Mr Shorten earlier told the ABC he had been assured by the NSW branch about the integrity of the ballot.

“I’ve got zero tolerance for people who want to break the rules of the party and play any of those sort of games,” Mr Shorten said.

“But there has been an investigation … and we’ve got to keep involving people, ordinary people, in decision making in politics – it’s how we build up the level of trust.”

Mr Shorten said he supported improving the leadership ballot process.

Asked whether the independent Australian Electoral Commission should run the ballot, he said: “I’m open to that suggestion, yes.”

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Reaction to the death of the ‘Voice of Cricket’ Benaud 

Benaud died late on Thursday aged 84.


– – – –

Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott

“He was the accompaniment of an Australian summer … He has been a part of the lives of millions of Australians and he will certainly be very much missed.”

– –

International Cricket Council CEO David Richardson

“Richie was a true legend, charismatic but always the perfect sportsman and gentleman. He was also one of the most complete sportsmen who dedicated his life to cricket. Cricket will miss Richie Benaud but will remember him with fond memories.”

– –

Cricket Australia Chairman Wally Edwards

“Richie stood at the top of the game throughout his rich life, first as a record-breaking leg-spinner and captain, and then as cricket’s most famous broadcaster who became the iconic voice of our summer.”

– –

Australia cricket captain Michael Clarke

“He was a great player and a great captain; a wonderful leader of men and he continued that off the field. He loved winning. He helped the Australian team have the attitude where they wanted to win. He played the game the right way.”

– –

Australia coach Darren Lehmann

“Richie was truly one of the game’s greats.”

– –

Former Australia captain Steve Waugh

“His legacy to the game will always live on. More so Richie’s stature as a true gentleman and role model for life will remain his greatest gift.”

– –

Former India batsman Sachin Tendulkar

“Wonderful personality who was always warm and encouraging. Had great insights on the game. Was not well but full of enthusiasm. Great loss to the world of cricket. Heartfelt condolences to Richie’s family and friends.”

– –

Former Pakistan captain Imran Khan

“Saddened by the death of Richie Benaud, one of the greatest cricketing brains.”

– –

Former Pakistan fast bowler Wasim Akram

“The Voice of Cricket and a truly great man. Thank you for everything you gave us. You will be missed by so many.”

– –

Sri Lanka batsman Kumar Sangakkara

“So sad to hear about the passing of Richie Benaud. The great voice of cricket is no more. He defined an era with conviction and sincerity.”

– –

BBC cricket commentator Jonathan Agnew

“He was quite simply peerless. Nobody else had his authority, popularity and skill. If you speak to any broadcaster from any sport, they will point to Richie as the standard-bearer.”

– –

Former Australia leg-spinner Shane Warne

“As a cricketer, commentator and as a person, you were the best there’s ever been and to top it off, an absolute gentleman.”

– –

Former Australia fast bowler Glenn McGrath

“Very sad news about Richie Benaud. A legend of Australian cricket & the commentary box. We’ve lost a true Aussie icon”

– –

Multiple Olympic medal winning cyclist Anna Meares

“Rest In Peace Richie Benaud. What a marvellous innings you had!”

– –

Former Australian batsman Dean Jones

“A part of cricket died today.”

– –

Australia all-rounder Shane Watson

“Respected and looked up to by all, you will be sorely missed #Legend Vale Richie Benaud”

– –

Australia opening batsman David Warner

“Sad to hear the passing of the voice of cricket, great player and a true gentleman”

– –

Australia fast bowler Mitchell Johnson

“A truly great person, you will always be remembered for what you gave to this world.”

– –

England and Wales Cricket Board

“Our thoughts are with the family & friends of legendary former Australia captain & cricket commentator Richie Benaud who has died aged 84.”

– –

New Zealand Cricket

“NZC is sad to hear that one of the game’s great personalities Richie Benaud has passed away at the age of 84.”

(Compiled by Greg Stutchbury; Editing by Peter Rutherford)

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Investor lending continues to fall 

The value of loans to housing investors has fallen for a second straight month, potentially giving the Reserve Bank room to cut rates without overheating the property market.


The value of total housing finance fell 1.0 per cent in February, with a 3.4 per cent fall in approvals for investment housing, Australian Bureau of Statistics figures show.

The number of home loans approved rose 1.2 per cent, well short of market expectations of a three per cent rise.

Investors have been driving housing demand in recent years, particularly in Sydney and Melbourne, pushing prices to record levels and pushing owner-occupiers and first home buyers out of the market.

Investor loan growth in NSW has more than doubled in the past three years, Reserve Bank figures show.

The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority responded in late 2014 by tightening rules for investor loans, with the aim of cooling the housing market.

St George senior economist Janu Chan said softer growth in lending to investors should begin to ease some of the RBA’s housing market concerns when it next considers interest rate movements.

“It is too early to conclude that recent measures by APRA to cool investor lending are working,” she said.

“Today’s data suggests that the RBA has some breathing room and should give greater comfort to lower official interest rates again.”

The RBA cut the cash rate in February and another reduction is expected in May, and Ms Chan expects this will continue to support a healthy housing sector.

“Home lending growth has eased for both owner-occupiers and investors, but the level of overall financing for housing remains buoyant,” she said.

JP Morgan economist Tom Kennedy said it appears growth in loans to investors has lost momentum, with the annual rate of growth at its slowest in since 2012.

“Today’s slip in investor loan growth broadly coincides with the announcement by APRA last December that oversight on banks’ lending activity would be increased,” he said.

“Specifically, APRA is now alert to any Australian deposit taking institutions with growth in their investor loan portfolio materially above 10 per cent per year.”

CommSec economist Savanth Sebastian expects there will be a shift in the sector later in the year, driven by home construction.

“Interest rates are at record lows and we haven’t been building enough homes to house our growing population,” he said.

“Activity levels in the new home building sector will continue to lift and should provide further support to an array of dependant sectors over the rest of 2015.

“It does seem to suggest that potential home investors are taking heed of the Reserve Bank’s warnings on over-leveraging in a low interest rate environment, in conjunction with the changes announced by APRA earlier this year.”

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Crows aiming for big AFL win in Melbourne 

New Adelaide coach Phil Walsh has borrowed Ross Lyon’s “anywhere, anyone, anytime” motto as the Crows aim to continue their barnstorming start to the AFL season.


After dismantling North Melbourne by 77 points last weekend, Adelaide have another big test in Saturday’s twilight match against Collingwood at Etihad Stadium.

Lyon’s mantra of playing well whatever the circumstances has been a key element of his coaching stints at St Kilda and Fremantle.

Now Walsh is determined the Crows will be the same.

“As soon as you get on a plane and travel, you’re at a disadvantage,” Walsh said on Friday at Adelaide Airport.

“We’re a club who want to be able to perform anywhere, any venue, any time.

“It’s a great opportunity to show the people in Melbourne what Adelaide can do this year.”

Walsh was happy to play up the outsiders tag ahead of the clash, even though the Crows would start favourites on the basis of their outstanding demolition of North.

“It’s the AFL, but the reality is there are nine teams in Melbourne,” he said.

“It’s a very Melbourne-centric competition; three quarters of the media industry comes out of Melbourne.

“Unless you get the job done in Melbourne, they don’t rate you.

“What greater opportunity than Collingwood at Etihad on Saturday night? We’re really looking forward to it.”

Star onballer Rory Sloane did not train on Friday morning, but Walsh was adamant he would play.

“He’s right to go – just a little bit tight, didn’t want to train two days in a row, but he’s fine to go,” Walsh said.

The Crows’ coach added he wanted Scott Thompson to have another run in local Adelaide football as the All Australian midfielder returned from a hamstring injury.

“I’m probably a coach who likes all my players to play two practice games,” Walsh said.

“Scott is probably a little bit of an exception because of his experience.

“He was really good last week, but again it (was) round one.

“I was really happy with the guys who played, so we’ll give Scott one more game at the state league.”

The ‘Pies are also coming off a round-one win, away against Brisbane, and Walsh expects stars such as Scott Pendlebury, Dane Swan and Travis Cloke to be formidable opposition.

“They have a great onball group, still … (Taylor) Adams, Pendlebury and Swan, with a really young ruckman who I rate in Brodie Grundy,” he said.

“That will be a battle in itself and then they have Travis Cloke.

“They are the areas where we have to do really well.”

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